The parent corporation, by virtue of its voting control of the subsidiary, has the power to hold the subsidiary accountable for its performance.
By selecting qualified, and to some extent indoctrinated, directors, the parent puts into place the subsidiarys board of directors.
While it would be a stretch to impute liability to a parent corporation for its negligent selection of subsidiary directors, nevertheless prudent selections should be made, and individuals selected as directors should undertake a board training experience to prepare them to meet the challenges.
At all times, provided that appropriate bylaw provisions are adopted and maintained, the parent has the legal authority to hold the subsidiary accountable to meet bottom line financial objectives, to pursue acceptable policy mandates, to fulfill its goals and to otherwise conduct its affairs.In this way, the litigant may seek payment of an unfunded liability of one corporation from another corporation.But, a caveat is in order here.Thus, not only should the subsidiarys directors be selected with care, they should be schooled in a formal board training program which teaches individuals what they should know about being a director of a corporation.These subsidiary corporations may be for-profit subsidiaries, or in some cases even nonprofit subsidiaries.It must be noted, however, that a litigant pursuing an alter ego theory of liability has an uphill fight.While the parent business enterprise may incorporate its subsidiary corporation, name its board of directors and officers, enunciate the subsidiarys business purpose, adopt bylaw provisions preserving the parents control of its subsidiary, etc., it is important that the subsidiary be established and recognized by the.Today, a business corporation can often present challenges which tax the ability of the most gifted board members.As long as the parent permits the subsidiary to act independently under the direction of its board, there is little risk to the parent of being found liable que quiere decir slot en ingles for the negligence or wrong-doing of the subsidiary.Subsidiary Independence: A Stumbling Block?
How Does The Parent Control An Independent Subsidiary?
Since the parent retains voting control, it has the authority to select the subsidiarys directors.
Under this doctrine, a litigant may pierce the corporate veil of the subsidiary corporation and reach the assets of the parent corporation under the theory that the two corporations, for legal liability purposes, are not two independent corporations, but are but one corporation in fact.The matter of subsidiary independence is oftentimes a stumbling block to the parent business enterprise which may view an independent subsidiary as an uncontrolled subsidiary.To maintain control of a subsidiary and at the same time allow the subsidiary to operate as an independent entity under the direction of its board of directors, a parent business enterprise should: (1) how many decks in vegas casino blackjack be the sole shareholder; (2) include voting control provisions in the.After all, the parent in a parent/subsidiary relationship is merely a stockholder, and the law is clear that a stockholder is not liable for the actions, debts, or obligations of the corporation.What Legal Risks Are Likely In The Parent/Subsidiary Relationship?This board manages the business and affairs of the subsidiary, makes policy, selects lotería nacional jueves 10de agosto2017 its officers, provides oversight of the subsidiarys activities, and functions as the subsidiarys governing body.This is a most important aspect of the parents control of its subsidiary.How Should The Parent/Subsidiary Relationship Be Managed?Upon reaching a decision to organize or acquire a subsidiary corporation, the business enterprise parent controls its subsidiary by being its sole stockholder.After all, the parent owns the subsidiary and by virtue of its ownership or control is entitled to examine the subsidiarys financial reports and business plan, and to otherwise hold the subsidiary and its management accountable for the performance expectations of the parent.These reasons often include, for example: (1) the parent company desires to engage in a new line of business activity unrelated to its current business; (2) the existing or projected revenues from the new line of business activity are substantial; (3) the business enterprise prefers.Courts are not likely to permit a litigant to pierce the corporate veil of a corporation and reach the assets of its parent shareholder, unless it is abundantly clear that the two corporations were indistinguishable as separate corporate entities and are operating as one corporation.This is an important point.There are many reasons why a business enterprise may establish a subsidiary corporation.
By holding,.e., owning all of the subsidiarys voting stock, the parent has the power to elect and remove the entire board of directors.
However, if the parent exercises excessive control over the subsidiary by,.g., commingling funds, interchanging employees, having its board serve as the board of the subsidiary, sharing office facilities, using a common letterhead, and otherwise blurring the distinctions between the parent and the subsidiary.
A procedure for schooling directors is a matter best defined by appropriate provisions in the subsidiarys bylaws.
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